# Put in the Arch Linux live CD and run the following commands...
# Set up 2 partitions; the first one is the boot 100MB partition (be sure
# to toggle the BOOT flag on it), and the second will be the LVM partition.
# Be sure to select 8E for the LVM partition! You can use
# /dev/disk/by-uuid/XXXX for more fine-grained control; use "blkid -o list"
# to find out which drives are given which UUIDs.
# Now set up encryption on the LVM partition (the 2nd partition, so it's
# /dev/sda2). It is recommended to use aes-xts-plain64 if the partition is
# larger than 2 TB, I think.
cryptsetup -c aes-xts-plain -y -s 512 luksFormat /dev/sda2
# Decrypt the encrypted partition with LUKS. We need to decrypt it first
# before setting up LVM volumes and filesystems on it. This will create
# an entry under /dev/mapper/luks.
cryptsetup luksOpen /dev/sda2 luks
# Set up LVM. We call our volume group "vg0". To be honest I am not sure if
# the "--contiguous y" option for swap matters because we are encrypting it
# (doesn't block encryption encrypt data randomly on the disk?), but that's
# what I found online and that's what I'll use here. The "+100%FREE" option
# is a very handy option that tells LVM to fill up all remaining free space,
# in this case, for the "home" logical volume.
# Read more about LVM on your favorite online wiki.
vgcreate vg0 /dev/mapper/luks
lvcreate --size 40G vg0 --name root
lvcreate --size 2G --contiguous y vg0 --name swap
lvcreate -l +100%FREE vg0 --name home
# Initialize filesystems. Btrfs is still experimental, so I choose ext4
# here. The vg0-root, vg0-home, and vg0-swap volumes should
# appear under /dev/mapper as you create them with the lvcreate command.
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda1 # the boot partition
# Mount the logical volumes. Why? Because we need to install Arch Linux onto
# it! You probably don't need to mount the "home" volume but it couldn't
# hurt. Besides, it's nice to test that all volumes can be mounted OK anyway.
# NOTE: Mount order is important! YOU MUST FIRST MOUNT THE ROOT PARTITION into
# /mnt before creating more directories such as /mnt/boot, /mnt/home, etc. to
# mount the /boot, /home, and any other partitions.
mount /dev/mapper/vg0-root /mnt # /mnt is our system's "/" root directory
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/boot
mount /dev/mapper/vg0-home /mnt/home
# Set up package download mirrors. The kernel mirror is generally a good one
# if you live in the US. Google "arch linux mirror status" to find the
# fastest mirrors.
# Download and install the core minimum packages to get a working Linux
# terminal (console) environment. Ah, simplicity!
pacstrap -i /mnt base base-devel
# Generate and inspect the filesystem tables needed when the system first
# starts. The file should contain four "partitions" (I put them in quotes
# because remember, we are using only 2 real partitions; 1st one is /boot and
# the 2nd one is our LVM containing /, /home, and swap).
genfstab -U -p /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab
# Make the system pretend that /mnt is /. This is called "chrooting". We need
# to do this because some of the commands like locale-gen, systemctl, etc.
# read configuration files from /etc, for example, and right now our /etc is
# the /etc used by the Arch Linux live CD, not our newly-installed system's
# root directory, /mnt.
arch-chroot /mnt /bin/bash
# Choose and generate locale; programs supporting internationalization (aka
# "i18n") will use the language you pick to generate the proper text used in
# menus, error messages, etc. Just choose "en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8" if you live in
# the US.
echo LANG=en_US.UTF-8 > /etc/locale.conf
# Choose default font used by the virtual console (the terminal screen you
# will see when you first boot up your new Arch Linux system).
echo FONT=Lat2-Terminus16 > /etc/vconsole.conf
# Choose timezone. Here, we tell hwclock that we want the hardware clock on
# the motherboard to be set to UTC, which will then be interpreted as UTC
# time by the kernel and re-adjusted to the timezone you chose when you
# actually use the system. This is nice because UTC is the "master" time the
# world uses anyway, so it makes sense to tell your motherboard to use it.
ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/Los_Angeles /etc/localtime
hwclock --systohc --utc
# Choose your computer's name. Keep it simple, without spaces. I use "k0".
echo MYHOSTNAME > /etc/hostname
# Enable DHCPCD... aka "acquire dynamic ip address from your router/switch". Be
# sure to choose the right device name (typically eth0 or eth1 (eth2, if you
# have 3 ethernet ports)); you can find out the correct device name with `ip
# link` (look for the device under the first entry, `lo`.). If you choose the
# wrong "eth" number, just go to /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/
# and rename the symlink; e.g., rename
# /email@example.com to
systemctl enable dhcpcd@DEVICENAME.service
# Disable unused package repos. You will want to disable the [testing] repo
# unless you want to test unstable packages and engage in the package
# debugging/development process. For Haskellers, be sure to add the
# [haskell-core] repo (see
# Set up the root user ("administrator" for you Windows people) password.
# Install zsh, because you will like it better any other shell out there.
pacman -S zsh
# Add your regular user, and set up your password. This is your normal
# username. We use the "-s /bin/zsh" option to tell useradd that we want to
# log in with zsh.
# If you want, you can add a new group that will only have your username as its
# only "member", with `groupadd -g 1000 MYGROUPNAME`, and then you can use this
# group name for the `-g` flag's argument in the `useradd` command below. I like
# to have 1-character usernames for my machines to keep things simple and short,
# as I will be the exclusive user of the system anyway, so I also use the same
# character for my group as well, so that, in particular, the `ls` command's
# full listing of my files looks very succinct, as I like to live in the
# terminal and use `ls` daily.
useradd -m -g users -G wheel,storage,power -s /bin/zsh MYUSERNAME
# VERY IMPORTANT: Add in the filesystem type that /root partition (LVM) is
# using (for this tutorial, it is "ext4") into the MODULES variable and also
# add 'encrypt' and 'lvm2' into HOOKS.
# Re-generate the linux image to take into account the LVM and encrypt
# flags we added into /etc/mkinitcpio.conf. I say "re-generate" because this
# is our second time doing this (the first time was when we installed the
# linux package with the pacstrap command above).
mkinitcpio -p linux
# Install boot loader. I like SYSLINUX because of the saner/easier-looking boot
# configuration file, compared to GRUB 2. Be sure to add in (as a single line)
# "APPEND cryptdevice=/dev/disk/by-uuid/xxxxxxxxxx:luks
# root=/dev/mapper/vg0-root resume=/dev/mapper/vg0-swap ro"
# under the "LABEL arch" entries, so that SYSLINUX tells the kernel to look for
# the encrypted LVM partition. Otherwise, your system won't boot! Don't forget
# to actually look up the UUID of your LVM partition (/dev/sda2 in this
# tutorial). To easily add in the long UUID of the disk, just concatenate it
# into the syslinux.cfg file with `blkid -o list >>
# /boot/syslinux/syslinux.cfg`, and edit as needed.
# You don't need to tell the kernel about your vg0-home volume because that will
# get mounted by /etc/fstab when it is read later in the boot process.
pacman -S syslinux
syslinux-install_update -i -a -m
# Exit chroot environment.
# Unmount volumes, and reboot. Remove your Arch Linux live CD when your
# computer powers on again.